To-day is May 17 and the National Day of Norway. There is a specific motive for celebration. The Constitution of Norway was signed at Eidsvoll on May 17 in the year 1814. The Norwegian constitution is still in force. Of course changed during the 200 years and now a modern constitutional Monarchy. People in Sweden often express an envy of the Norwegian National Day. We had a historical Constitution also adapted to modern timers. Only the left wing population could or would like to celebrate our Regeringsform of 1974. Why not all Swedish people. That is because of a feeling of shame for the RF74, a very strange document. My comments to the fifth sentence of the preamble are example of the Swedish habit to use whatever words for whatever concept.
The fifth sentence in the preamble reads:
”Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,”
The most remarkable in this sentence is the Swedish translation. In Sweden we have stubbornly translated ‘dignity’ with ‘värde/value’. In no dictionary you will find ‘dignity’ translated to ‘värde’. In this sentence the word ‘worth’ is used to explain the meaning of the equal rights. Dignity must be translated with ‘värdighet’ and the Swedish ‘värdighet’ has nothing to do with the Swedish ‘värde/value’. So our fear of strict rules and our preference to unclear rules has prevented us from celebrating our constitution on June 6th.